Need to talk? Call 1800 882 436.
It's a free call with a maternal child health nurse. *call charges may apply from your mobile

Is it an emergency? Dial 000
If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately.

beginning of content

Oversupply of breastmilk

4-minute read

A mother’s milk supply usually adjusts to her baby’s needs after about 4 weeks of breastfeeding. Some mothers continue to make more milk than the baby requires, and this is known as ‘oversupply’.

Oversupply can make breastfeeding difficult for both mother and baby.

What are the causes of oversupply?

Breastmilk oversupply that continues after the first 4 weeks or so can have many causes. Feeding patterns may cause the oversupply, such as:

  • feeding the baby on a set schedule rather than according to need
  • pumping too much before a feed to make the breast soft and easier for the baby to latch onto
  • the baby preferring to feed mainly from 1 breast

Other causes of oversupply include:

  • an excess of the milk production-stimulating hormone prolactin in your blood (hyperprolactinemia)
  • a congenital predisposition

How breastmilk oversupply affects your baby

Your baby may be unsettled or distressed during and after feeding, and it can be hard to know whether they are still hungry or are getting too much milk too fast. Your baby may:

  • choke and splutter at the breast due to the high rate of milk flow
  • have trouble latching onto the breast
  • feed for only short periods of time leading to ‘lactose overload’
  • have a lot of urine (more than 10 wees a day) or diarrhoea with green, frothy poos and nappy rash
  • have excessive wind, causing unsettled, colicky behaviour
  • bring up a lot of milk after breastfeeding
  • put on weight quickly

How breastmilk oversupply affects you

Oversupply can also cause problems for you.

You might feel your breasts refill very quickly after feeding your baby. They might feel lumpy and tight after breastfeeding. You might also leak more than usual or have an explosive milk-ejection reflex, which makes it difficult to feed in public, and can cause difficulties for your baby at the beginning of feeding.

You could develop blocked milk ducts or mastitis and breast abscesses.

Oversupply can make breastfeeding a less pleasurable experience for you or your baby. Some mothers think about early weaning if oversupply is not diagnosed and managed well.

How is breastmilk oversupply diagnosed?

It is essential to have a health professional such as a lactation consultant, breastfeeding counsellor, doctor or child health nurse watch your baby breastfeed to diagnose true oversupply. It can easily be confused with breast engorgement or a fast ‘let-down’ reflex.

For help with the diagnosis and treatment of oversupply, contact a health professional, such as a lactation consultant, breastfeeding counsellor, or child health nurse, or call Pregnancy Birth and Baby on 1800 882 436.

How is breastmilk oversupply treated?

The aim of treatment is to reduce your milk production. This is best done while you are being supported by a lactation consultant, breastfeeding counsellor, or child health nurse.

‘Block feeding’ is a method that can help reduce milk supply in just a few days:

  • Choose a time frame, usually from 3 to 4 hours, and feed your baby from only 1 breast during that time.
  • Then change to the other breast for the same time period.
  • Continue this pattern for a few days.
  • You might need to hand express a small amount from the unused breast to relieve pressure or discomfort, but don’t empty it — the residual milk in the unused breast triggers the reduction in milk production.

Block feeding ensures that 1 breast always contains residual milk. This will trigger both breasts to reduce milk production, and should gradually resolve oversupply of milk. How long it takes depends on your situation.

Block feeding will also help to reduce the amount of thinner foremilk consumed by your baby. As your baby gets to drink more of the creamy hindmilk, you’ll see your baby’s stools get thicker. This tells you that you are on the way.

If your milk supply does not respond to block feeding, talk to your doctor.

The Australian Breastfeeding Association website has more tips about managing oversupply.

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: January 2021

Back To Top

Need more information?

Lactose overload in babies | Australian Breastfeeding Association

By Joy Anderson BSc(Nutrition), PostgradDipDiet, IBCLC, ABA Breastfeeding Counsellor It is common for a mother to make more milk than her baby needs in the early weeks before her supply adjusts to match her baby’s needs.  During this phase, most babies remain fairly settled and have normal numbers of wet and dirty nappies. However, sometimes this is not the case. This article describes how to tell if your baby is taking too much milk, too fast, and what you can do to help resolve the situation quickly.What is lactose overload?

Read more on Australian Breastfeeding Association website

Too much milk | Australian Breastfeeding Association

Some mothers make more milk than their babies can easily cope with. This is quite common in the first few weeks of breastfeeding, but for some mothers it can continue for longer.

Read more on Australian Breastfeeding Association website

Breastmilk oversupply & breast engorgement | Raising Children Network

Breastfeeding mums can have breastmilk oversupply and breast engorgement. Check feeding patterns, techniques and positions. Hand-expressing can also help.

Read more on website

Breastfeeding problems | Australian Breastfeeding Association

Common breastfeeding questions: enough milk, too much milk, expressing - Raising Children NetworkCommon breastfeeding questions: challenges, getting help - Raising Children Network

Read more on Australian Breastfeeding Association website

Expressing | Australian Breastfeeding Association

Common breastfeeding questions: enough milk, too much milk, expressing - Raising Children NetworkMaximising Milk Production with Hands on Pumping – Stanford School of Medicine

Read more on Australian Breastfeeding Association website

Lactose intolerance and the breastfed baby | Australian Breastfeeding Association

Lactose intolerance is poorly understood in the Australian community. There are lots of myths and misunderstandings about it, especially when it comes to babies. Primary (or true) lactose intolerance is an extremely rare genetic condition and lactose intolerance is very different to intolerance or allergy to cows' milk protein. This article explains the differences between lactose intolerance and other conditions such as food allergies and lactose overload and dispels some of the myths about lactose intolerance in babies.

Read more on Australian Breastfeeding Association website

Let-down reflex

Establishing and maintaining your let-down will help ensure a good milk supply for your baby.

Read more on Pregnancy, Birth & Baby website

Constipation in children

Constipation in kids is quite common and isn't usually caused by something serious. Here's how to help your child when they're constipated.

Read more on healthdirect website

Lactose intolerance - Better Health Channel

Read more on Better Health Channel website

Breast refusal and baby biting breast | Raising Children Network

Breast refusal or baby biting breast are common breastfeeding issues. These issues might resolve themselves, or your child and family health nurse can help.

Read more on website

Call us and speak to a Maternal Child Health Nurse for personal advice and guidance.

Need further advice or guidance from our maternal child health nurses?

This information is for your general information and use only and is not intended to be used as medical advice and should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any medical condition, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes.

The information is not a substitute for independent professional advice and should not be used as an alternative to professional health care. If you have a particular medical problem, please consult a healthcare professional.

Except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, this publication or any part of it may not be reproduced, altered, adapted, stored and/or distributed in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of Healthdirect Australia.