Need to talk? Call 1800 882 436.
It's a free call with a maternal child health nurse. *call charges may apply from your mobile

Is it an emergency? Dial 000
If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately.

beginning of content

Guide to food and drink during pregnancy - text version

1-minute read

When you are pregnant there seems to be a never-ending list of things you can and can't eat...and an even longer list of people willing to give you advice! Use our handy guide to find out what is safe to eat during your pregnancy and the foods and drinks you should avoid.



  • Cheddar
  • Parmesan
  • Stilton
  • Cottage cheese (pasteurised)
  • Mozzarella (pasteurised)
  • Cream cheese (pasteurised)
  • Paneer (pasteurised)
  • Halloumi (pasteurised)
  • Goat's cheese (pasteurised)
  • Processed cheese


  • Brie
  • Camembert
  • Feta
  • Ricotta
  • Blue cheese
  • Gorgonzola
  • Chevre
  • Any unpasteurised cheese
  • Imported cheeses

Other dairy products


  • Pasteurised milk
  • Eggs - cooked
  • Yoghurt (pasteurised)


  • Eggs - raw or undercooked
  • Unpasteurised milk and milk product
  • Homemade mayonnaise, aioli or caesar dressing
  • Soft serve ice cream

Meat and poultry


  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Sausages
  • Mince
  • Deli cuts (such as ham, chorizo, salami) - only if cooked fresh and eaten hot
  • Hot take-away chicken - purchase fresh and eaten hot


  • Cold cut meats (such as ham, salami) from deli, salad bar, takeaway
  • Cold chicken or turkey (from salad/sandwich shop)
  • Stuffing
  • Liver and liver products
  • Pate and meat spreads

Fish and seafood


  • Cooked fish and seafood
  • Shark (Flake) or Billfish (Swordfish/Broadbill and Marlin) - only once a week and no other fish that week


  • Raw fish
  • Raw seafood
  • Chilled peeled prawns
  • Sushi - raw fish and seafood
  • Oysters

Fruit, vegetables and nuts


  • Wash all fruit, vegetables and herbs thoroughly to remove all traces of dirt
  • Legumes (such as beans, peas and lentils)
  • Nuts (unless already allergic)


  • Raw sprouts (alfalfa, radish, mung beans, soybeans)
  • Prepackaged salads and fruit salads
  • Ready made salads (buffets and salad bars)



  • Coffee (limit intake)
  • Tea (contains caffeine, limit intake)
  • Soft drink (limit - beware of excess sugar)
  • Juice
  • Milk pasteurised
  • Mineral water


  • Alcohol
  • Unpasteurised milk
  • Unpasteurised juice
  • Energy drinks
  • Herbal teas (caution)

See this list as an infographic.

Download this handy guide to stick on the fridge or keep in your bag (PDF).

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: November 2016

Back To Top

Call us and speak to a Maternal Child Health Nurse for personal advice and guidance.

Need further advice or guidance from our maternal child health nurses?

This information is for your general information and use only and is not intended to be used as medical advice and should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any medical condition, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes.

The information is not a substitute for independent professional advice and should not be used as an alternative to professional health care. If you have a particular medical problem, please consult a healthcare professional.

Except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, this publication or any part of it may not be reproduced, altered, adapted, stored and/or distributed in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of Healthdirect Australia.