Need to talk? Call 1800 882 436.
It's a free call with a maternal child health nurse. *call charges may apply from your mobile

Is it an emergency? Dial 000
If you need urgent medical help, call triple zero immediately.

beginning of content

Guide to food and drink during pregnancy

2-minute read

Download this guide as a PDF

View text version of infographic



  • Cheddar
  • Parmesan
  • Stilton
  • Cottage cheese (pasteurised)
  • Mozzarella (pasteurised)
  • Cream cheese (pasteurised)
  • Paneer (pasteurised)
  • Halloumi (pasteurised)
  • Goat's cheese (pasteurised)
  • Processed cheese


  • Brie
  • Camembert
  • Feta
  • Ricotta
  • Blue cheese
  • Gorgonzola
  • Chevre
  • Any unpasteurised cheese
  • Imported cheeses

Dairy and eggs


  • Pasteurised milk
  • Yoghurt (pasteurised)
  • Cooked eggs
  • Fried eggs
  • Scrambled eggs
  • Quiche
  • Commercial mayonnaise and aioli


  • Unpasteurised milk and milk product
  • Soft serve ice cream
  • Uncooked eggs
  • Homemade mayonnaise, aioli or caesar dressing
  • Homemade chocolate mousse
  • Cake batter
  • Pancake batter

Meat and poultry


  • Beef
  • Chicken
  • Lamb
  • Pork
  • Sausages
  • Mince
  • Deli cuts (such as ham, chorizo, salami) — only if cooked fresh and eaten hot
  • Hot take-away chicken — purchase fresh and eaten hot


  • Cold cut meats (such as ham, salami) from deli, salad bar, takeaway
  • Cold chicken or turkey (from salad or sandwich shop)
  • Stuffing
  • Liver and liver products
  • Pate and meat spreads

Fish and seafood


  • Cooked fish and seafood
  • Shark/flake, marlin or broadbill/swordfish*
  • Deep sea perch or catfish**

* no more than 100g (cooked) per fortnight, with no other fish that fortnight
** no more than 100g (cooked) per week, with no other fish that week


  • Raw fish
  • Raw seafood
  • Chilled peeled prawns
  • Sushi — raw fish and seafood
  • Oysters

Fruits, vegetables and nuts


  • Whole fresh fruit, vegetables and herbs — thoroughly washed to remove all traces of dirt
  • Legumes (such as beans, peas and lentils)
  • Nuts (unless already allergic)


  • Raw sprouts (alfalfa, radish, mung beans, soybeans)
  • Rockmelon
  • Prepackaged salads and fruit salads
  • Ready-made salads (buffets and salad bars)



  • Coffee (limit intake)
  • Tea (contains caffeine, limit intake)
  • Soft drink (limit - beware of excess sugar)
  • Juice
  • Milk (pasteurised)
  • Mineral water


  • Alcohol
  • Unpasteurised milk
  • Unpasteurised juice
  • Energy drinks
  • Herbal teas (caution)

Want more like this?

See more guides and infographics from Pregnancy, Birth and Baby.

Learn more here about the development and quality assurance of healthdirect content.

Last reviewed: April 2024

Back To Top

Call us and speak to a Maternal Child Health Nurse for personal advice and guidance.

Need further advice or guidance from our maternal child health nurses?

Healthdirect Australia acknowledges the Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia and their continuing connection to land, sea and community. We pay our respects to the Traditional Owners and to Elders both past and present.

This information is for your general information and use only and is not intended to be used as medical advice and should not be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any medical condition, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes.

The information is not a substitute for independent professional advice and should not be used as an alternative to professional health care. If you have a particular medical problem, please consult a healthcare professional.

Except as permitted under the Copyright Act 1968, this publication or any part of it may not be reproduced, altered, adapted, stored and/or distributed in any form or by any means without the prior written permission of Healthdirect Australia.